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Spatial coherence of interplanetary coronal mass ejection sheaths at 1 AU

Matti Ala-Lahti - University of Helsinki, Finland; Julia Ruohotie - University of Helsinki, Finland; Simon Good - University of Helsinki, Finland; Emilia Kilpua - University of Helsinki, Finland; Noé Lugaz - University of New Hampshire, United States

Session: Interplanetary CMEs and Solar Particle Events


The longitudinal spatial coherence near 1 AU of the magnetic field in sheath regions driven by interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) is studied by investigating ACE and Wind spacecraft measurements of 29 sheaths. We compare the measurements by computing the Pearson correlation coefficients for the magnetic field magnitude and components and estimate the magnetic field coherence by evaluating the scale lengths that give the extrapolated distance of zero correlation between the measurements. We discover magnetic fields in ICME sheaths have scale lengths that are larger than those reported in the solar wind but that, in general, are smaller than the ones of the ICME ejecta. Our results imply that magnetic fields in the sheath are more coherently structured and well correlated compared to the solar wind. The largest sheath coherence is reported in the GSE ydirection that has the scale length of 0.149 AU while the lengths for BxBz, and |B| vary between 0.024 and 0.035 AU. The same sheath magnitude ordering of scale lengths also apply for the lowpass filtered magnetic field data. We discuss field line draping and the alignment of preexisting discontinuities by the shock passage giving reasoning for the observed results.

Approaching deadlines:

Registration opens:

16 July 2020

Abstract submission opens:

16 July 2020

European Space Weather Medals:

6 September 2020

Registration deadline:

25 September 2020

Registration deadline: [extended]

10 October 2020

Abstract submission deadline:

4 September 2020